About this data
The hot spots map shows the share of population with a new reported case over the last week. Data for Rhode Island is shown at the state level because county level data is infrequently reported. For total cases and deaths: The map shows the known locations of coronavirus cases by county. Circles are sized by the number of people there who have tested positive or have a probable case of the virus, which may differ from where they contracted the illness.
The State of the Virus
Update for Jan. 25
- Reports of new cases have declined more than 30 percent in the last two weeks. But limited vaccine availability and the spread of new variants makes it unclear whether that progress will last.
- Deaths remain near peak levels, with about 3,000 announced each day.
- Forty-five states are seeing sustained reductions in new cases. California, which averaged more than 44,000 cases a day at its peak, is now adding about 25,000 cases most days. Restrictions in much of that state were loosened on Monday.
- South Carolina continues to struggle, with case numbers down only slightly from a peak. As of Monday, the Spartanburg, Florence and Greenville metro areas were among the top 10 nationally in recent cases per capita.
- The pace of vaccination continues to increase, with more than 1 million shots administered on an average day. By some metrics, West Virginia is doing the best job of getting shots in arms.
Where new cases are higher and staying high
States where new cases are higher had a daily average of at least 15 new cases per 100,000 people over the past week. Charts show daily cases per capita and are on the same scale. Tap a state to see detailed map page.
Where new cases are higher but going down
Where new cases are lower but going up
States where new cases are lower had a daily average of less than 15 new cases per 100,000 people over the past week. Charts show daily cases per capita and are on the same scale. Tap a state to see detailed map page.
Where new cases are lower and staying low
Where new deaths are increasing
Charts show daily deaths per capita and are on the same scale. States are sorted by deaths per capita for the most recent day. Tap a state to see detailed map page.
These states have had the highest growth in newly reported deaths over the last 14 days. Deaths tend to rise a few weeks after a rise in infections, as there is typically a delay between when people are infected, when they die and when deaths are reported. Some deaths reported in the last two weeks may have occurred much earlier because of these delays.
Cases and deaths by state and county
This table is sorted by places with the most cases per 100,000 residents in the last seven days. Charts are colored to reveal when outbreaks emerged.
|Per 100,000|| Total|
|Per 100,000|| Daily avg.|
|Per 100,000|| Daily avg.|
|Per 100,000||Weekly cases per capita|
|+ South Carolina||423,667||8,229||6,578||128||4,193||81||45.6||0.89|
|+ Rhode Island||112,396||10,610||2,126||201||761||72||11.6||1.09|
|+ New York||1,358,964||6,986||42,273||217||12,859||66||191.4||0.98|
|+ North Carolina||730,707||6,967||8,839||84||6,601||63||91.9||0.88|
About this data
Weekly cases per capita shows the share of population with a new reported case for each week. Weeks without a reported case are shaded gray. The daily average is calculated with cases and deaths that were reported in the last seven days.
New reported cases by day
These are days with a reporting anomaly. Read more here.
Note: The seven-day average is the average of a day and the previous six days of data.
New reported deaths by day
These are days with a reporting anomaly. Read more here.
Hospitalized Covid-19 patients by day
Source: Hospitalization data from the Covid Tracking Project.
Currently hospitalized is the number of patients with Covid-19 reported by states to be in a hospital on that day. Dips and spikes could be due to inconsistent reporting by hospitals.
The New York Times has found that official tallies in the United States and in more than a dozen other countries have undercounted deaths during the coronavirus outbreak because of limited testing availability.
The New York Times is engaged in a comprehensive effort to track information on every coronavirus case in the United States, collecting information from federal, state and local officials around the clock. The numbers in this article are being updated several times a day based on the latest information our journalists are gathering from around the country. The Times has made that data public in hopes of helping researchers and policymakers as they seek to slow the pandemic and prevent future ones.
The places hit hardest
The coronavirus has moved across the country in distinct phases, devastating one region, then another.
The Northeast experienced the worst this spring, as temporary morgues were deployed in New York City. Over the summer, cases spiked across the Sun Belt, prompting many states to tighten restrictions just weeks after reopening. By early fall, the virus was filling rural hospitals in the Midwest and West as it devastated communities that had for months avoided the pandemic’s worst. And as 2021 began, the virus was simply everywhere.
Hot spots: Counties with the highest number of recent cases per resident
|County||Total cases||Per 100,000|| Daily avg.|
|Per 100,000||Weekly cases per capita|
| Forest, Pa.|
| Chattahoochee, Ga.|
| Dimmit, Texas|
| Hitchcock, Neb.|
| Hemphill, Texas|
| San Miguel, Colo.|
| Val Verde, Texas|
| Upton, Texas|
| Presidio, Texas|
| Culberson, Texas|
Note: Recent cases are from the last seven days.
Because outbreaks in group settings where large numbers of people are in close quarters have been a major driver of the pandemic, The Times has paid special attention to cases in nursing homes, food processing plants, correctional facilities and colleges.
Outbreaks among homeless Americans have not been as widespread as some feared.
Information on these cases comes directly from official releases by governments, companies and institutions. The tables below show cases that have been identified since the beginning of the pandemic, and with the exception of the table for colleges and universities, only show groups of cases where 50 or more are related to a specific site.
Cases at colleges and universities
Some universities have decided to hold most or all classes online, but many others have reopened their campuses, often with extensive procedures and rules governing behavior and testing. In August and September, as the fall term began, college towns saw some of the highest per capita case growth in the country. And by November, as cases surged across the country, tens of thousands more cases emerged at universities.
More than 397,000 cases among students and employees at more than 1,800 institutions have been reported over the course of the pandemic, according to a Times database. At least 90 deaths have been reported, many of them in the spring, and most of them among employees, not students.
|+ Texas||31,157 cases at 84 schools|
|+ Ohio||19,842 cases at 62 schools|
|+ Florida||18,810 cases at 129 schools|
|+ Pennsylvania||17,369 cases at 113 schools|
|+ Indiana||16,505 cases at 35 schools|
|+ Wisconsin||15,666 cases at 31 schools|
|+ Illinois||15,148 cases at 50 schools|
|+ Michigan||14,631 cases at 52 schools|
|+ New York||14,364 cases at 192 schools|
|+ Georgia||14,131 cases at 37 schools|
Cases in jails and prisons
In American jails and prisons, more than 510,000 people have been infected and at least 2,200 inmates and correctional officers have died. During interviews with dozens of inmates across the country, many said they were frightened and frustrated by what prison officials have acknowledged has been an uneven response to the virus.
After more than 2,200 prisoners tested positive, a judge told San Quentin to reduce its population.
Sandy Dowell, 51, an inmate at Swannanoa Correctional Center for Women, a prison in North Carolina, said she feared for her life if the virus spreads inside the facility. She has lung disease, asthma and high blood pressure, and said she believed prisons were disregarding the lives of inmates in their handling of Covid-19. “A life is a life, isn’t it?” she said. “I mean, isn’t everyone’s life worth something?”
In early December, Ms. Dowell tested positive for the coronavirus.
|Fresno County jail||3,985||Fresno, Calif.|
|Harris County jail||3,805||Houston, Texas|
|Avenal State Prison||3,612||Avenal, Calif.|
|Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison||3,601||Corcoran, Calif.|
|Soledad prison||2,977||Soledad, Calif.|
|California Men’s Colony prison||2,920||San Luis Obispo, Calif.|
|San Quentin State Prison||2,665||San Quentin, Calif.|
|High Desert State Prison||2,513||Susanville, Calif.|
|Marion Correctional Institution||2,486||Marion, Ohio|
|California Rehabilitation Center prison||2,444||Norco, Calif.|
Cases at nursing homes and long-term care facilities
Coronavirus cases have been reported in more than 30,000 nursing homes and other long-term care facilities, according to data collected by The New York Times from states, counties, the federal government and facilities themselves. More than 1.1 million residents and employees of those homes have been infected, and more than 141,000 have died. That means that around 35 percent of deaths from the virus in the United States have been tied to nursing homes and other long-term care facilities.
Read more about the isolation, depression and atrophy facing many nursing home residents as lockdowns persist.
“This disease creates the potential for a perfect storm in a long-term care facility — large groups of vulnerable people living together and a highly transmissible virus that may not cause symptoms in those who care for them,” said Dr. Daniel Rusyniak, the chief medical officer for Indiana’s state social services agency.
West Side Campus of Care
White Settlement, Texas
The Carlyle at Stonebridge Park
North Ridge Health and Rehab
New Hope, Minn.
Hebrew Home of Greater Washington
Brighton Rehabilitation & Wellness Center
Traymore Nursing Center
Fair Acres Geriatric Center
Corner View Nursing and Rehabilitation Center
Hearthstone Nursing and Rehabilitation
Round Rock, Texas
The counts in this table of coronavirus cases at individual nursing homes were last updated as recently as Jan. 12, 2021. Since then, we have continued to update state-level totals for cases and deaths in long-term care facilities.
Cases at food production facilities
Early in the pandemic, cases emerged by the hundreds in food processing facilities. The outbreaks disrupted the country’s meat supply and led some of the hardest-hit plants to temporarily close.
In July, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported more than 16,000 infections and 86 deaths tied to meat and poultry processing. But those numbers are almost certainly an undercount. Only 28 states provided data to the C.D.C., and many states and food processing companies have refused to provide case totals. Other large outbreaks have emerged on farms, in fruit or vegetable processing facilities and at plants where pet food is made.
|Smithfield Foods pork processing facility||1,098||Sioux Falls, S.D.|
|Tyson Foods pork processing facility||1,031||Waterloo, Iowa|
|Tyson Foods pork processing facility||900||Logansport, Ind.|
|Tyson Foods beef processing facility||786||Dakota City, Neb.|
|JBS USA pork production facility||741||Worthington, Minn.|
Other significant clusters
The coronavirus has followed Americans wherever they gathered, spreading early this year, on cruise ships and at business conferences. As the country has reopened, new clusters have emerged at churches, restaurants and workplaces. Read more here about some of the country’s less-noticed coronavirus clusters. Because many states do not provide information about where the virus spread, no listing of clusters and local outbreaks will be complete.
|U.S.S. Theodore Roosevelt||1,271||Guam|
|Savannah River Site nuclear reservation||686||Savannah River Site, S.C.|
|Newport News Shipbuilding||632||Newport News, Va.|
|Wynn Las Vegas Resorts||554||Las Vegas, Nev.|
|Los Angeles Apparel clothing manufacturing facilities||386||Los Angeles, Calif.|
About the data
In data for the United States, The Times uses reports from state, county and regional health departments. Most governments update their data on a daily basis, and report cases and deaths based on an individual’s residence.
Not all governments report these the same way. The Times uses the total of confirmed and probable counts when they are available individually or combined. To see whether a state includes probable cases and deaths, visit the individual state pages listed at the bottom of this page.
For more, see answers to our Frequently Asked Questions about the methodology behind how we are collecting this data.
The Times has identified the following reporting anomalies or methodology changes in the data:
New Jersey began reporting probable deaths, including those from earlier in the pandemic, causing a jump in the number of total deaths.
New York City released deaths from earlier periods but did not specify when they were from.
Texas began reporting deaths based on death certificates, causing a one-day increase.
Officials in Texas reported thousands of undated, backlogged cases, causing a spike in the state and national data.
Georgia began reporting probable deaths, causing a one-day increase.
Cases and deaths were lower because fourteen states reported no new data, and six states had only incomplete data from select counties.
Texas began reporting probable cases, resulting in a one-day increase of about 44,000 cases.
The daily count is artificially low because many states and local jurisdictions did not announce new data on Christmas.
The daily count is artificially low because many states and local jurisdictions did not announce new data on New Year’s Day.
The daily count is artificially high because many states and local jurisdictions announced backlogged data after not announcing new data on New Year’s Day.
To see a detailed list of all reporting anomalies, visit the individual state pages listed at the bottom of this page.
The U.S. data includes cases and deaths that have been identified by public health officials as confirmed coronavirus patients, and also includes probable coronavirus cases and deaths when governments report them. Confirmed cases and deaths, which are widely considered to be an undercount of the true toll, are counts of individuals whose coronavirus infections were confirmed by a molecular laboratory test. Probable cases and deaths count individuals who meet criteria for other types of testing, symptoms and exposure, as developed by national and local governments.
Governments often revise data or report a single-day large increase in cases or deaths from unspecified days without historical revisions, which can cause an irregular pattern in the daily reported figures. The Times is excluding these anomalies from seven-day averages when possible.